Simple vs. Surgical Tooth Extractions

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simple vs surgical tooth extractions

Maintaining good oral health involves various practices, and sometimes, tooth extraction becomes an unavoidable part of dental care. There are two primary types of tooth extractions near you: simple and surgical. Understanding the differences between these procedures can help patients prepare for the process and know what to expect.

Simple Tooth Extraction

A simple tooth extraction is performed on visible teeth that are easily accessible and can be removed without extensive surgical techniques. This procedure is typically used for teeth that have fully erupted from the gum line and have a single root. 

It is often conducted under local anaesthesia, ensuring the patient feels no pain during the extraction. The dentist uses an elevator to loosen the tooth and forceps to remove it. Before the extraction, an anaesthetic gel or solution is applied to the area to numb it, ensuring the patient remains comfortable throughout the procedure. 

Once the tooth is removed, the dentist may place gauze over the extraction site to control bleeding and promote clotting. Simple extractions are relatively quick and straightforward, with minimal discomfort and a shorter recovery than surgical extractions. 

Patients usually experience mild soreness and swelling, which can be managed with over-the-counter pain relievers and ice packs.

Surgical Tooth Extraction

Surgical tooth extraction is a more complex procedure performed on teeth that are not easily accessible or have not fully erupted from the gum line. This type of extraction is necessary when a tooth is impacted, meaning it is trapped beneath the gum line, or when it has curved or multiple roots.

Unlike simple extractions, surgical extractions may require general anaesthesia or stronger forms of sedation, especially if the tooth is deeply embedded or if multiple teeth need removal. The dentist in Cambie makes an incision in the gum tissue to access the tooth, and sometimes a small portion of bone around the tooth may need to be removed to facilitate extraction.

Sometimes, the tooth must be sectioned into smaller pieces to ease removal. Once the tooth is extracted, the area is cleaned thoroughly, and stitches may be required to close the incision. The dentist might place gauze over the site to control bleeding, and they provide post-operative care instructions to aid healing.

Surgical extractions generally involve a longer recovery period compared to simple extractions. Patients may experience more discomfort, swelling, and bruising, which can be managed with prescribed pain medications and proper aftercare.

Key Differences

The primary differences between simple and surgical tooth extractions in Cambie lie in the complexity of the procedure and the types of teeth involved. Simple extractions are performed on visible teeth that can be easily accessed, while surgical extractions are necessary for impacted or deeply positioned teeth.

Moreover, the tools and techniques used in these procedures vary significantly. Simple extractions require minimal tools such as elevators and forceps, while surgical extractions may involve incisions, bone removal, and stitches.


Both types of extractions require proper aftercare to ensure optimal healing and prevent complications. Patients are usually advised to:

  1. Follow the instructions given by a dentist near you regarding pain management, including prescribed medications if necessary.
  2. Avoid rinsing or spitting forcefully for the first 24 hours to prevent dislodging the blood clot.
  3. Maintain good oral hygiene by gently brushing and flossing but avoiding the extraction site.
  4. Consume soft foods and avoid chewing on the extraction side to prevent irritation.

Cambie Broadway Dental Offers Both Surgical And Simple Extractions As Per The Patient’s Needs

At Cambie Broadway Dental, we prioritize personalized care. Our practice offers both surgical and simple extractions tailored precisely to each patient’s unique requirements. Whether it’s a straightforward removal or a more complex procedure for deeply embedded or impacted teeth, we ensure the utmost comfort and precision.

Our team discusses individual needs, explaining the process thoroughly and providing comprehensive aftercare guidance. Your oral health is our priority, and we strive to make every extraction experience as seamless and comfortable as possible. Trust us to deliver the treatment that best suits your needs at Cambie Broadway Dental.